Criminal justice represents a set of acts and bills of a state. The legislation is focused on maintaining social control as well as discouraging and alleviating crime. Juvenile justice is an area in criminal law aimed at handling illegal acts committed by young offenders.
The subsequent paper reviews a broad body of study and pursues to elaborate on youth perception of juvenile justice. The paper describes research while classifying and expounding on the factors that increase the risk or the statistical probability that a young person will become delinquent in prospect. Reasons, why the youth starts to lead a violent way of life, are also examined in detail. The aim of the essay is to evaluate youth violence as it is one of the aspects of juvenile justice. Various data sources and numerous methods that can be used to analyze the data have also been studied, taking into account their benefits and drawbacks. Finally, the paper contains the most appropriate method for the research and supportive arguments in favor of this method.
It is reasonable to expound on youth violence as it is particularly pertinent to juvenile justice. The person’s improper conduct that can start early and continue until young adulthood is referred to as juvenile delinquency. A young individual can be a criminal, target, or an eyewitness to the wrongdoing; however, nowadays the youth is more frequently convicted of different crimes due to their forcefulness and fierceness. Moreover, deadly and non-lethal assaults involving young people increase the rates of untimely death, harm, and ill health (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). As a result, not only the individuals but also their relatives, associates, and societies are harmed by youth violence. Thus, youth violence is the cause of a range of wrongdoings committed by the youth.
Causes of Violence among the Youth
Various theories and facts have been presented to expound on the reasons why young people implicate in youth violence. Apparently, all existing factors explain why young people participate in unlawful acts. In most cases, violent conduct is mostly caused by different factors rather than is an inborn quality. Thus, a person first observes the factor and then they put obtained knowledge into practice. However, under certain conditions, the person starts to behave in a violent way due to incomprehensible reasons. Hereby, it is crucial to examine some rational causes of youth violence.
Primary causes of violence can be found in the early learning obtained in the household. The home setting represents the basic factor in the development of violent conduct of young people. The factors involve tenuous family connection, ineffectual upbringing and management, and violence acquaintance at home. Philosophies, approaches, attainment of anticipation and sensitive responses that maintain or support the use of violence may also trigger adolescent violence. Among other family factors that cause teenage violence, there are paternal misconduct, child cruelty, hardships of living in a low-income family, and a low level of parental contribution. Apparently, the connection with criminal relatives or friends affects teenagers’ behavior. Moreover, the observation of violence or bodily abuse causes early forcefulness in the household. According to the study, the stated contact forms violent conduct during infancy and considerably increases the risk of such conduct during teenage years. In fact, the acquaintance with violence and bodily abuse on the part of family members has a stronger modeling effect. Moreover, one’s observation of heavy forcefulness on television is indirectly related to later violence. Certain distinct characters and assimilated natural differences may also contribute to later violence in adulthood. Parents or guardians with inadequate problem-solving abilities and a history of violent acts may become role models for developing children. Teenagers with forceful parents are also likely to become involved in youth violence.
There are numerous prospects of learning and engaging in violence. The existing gangs and banned markets not only make children become involved in violence but become role models that teenagers want to copy by participating in violent activities. Among the most characteristic factors leading to violence are single-parent families, ineffectual nurturing, high failure rates, violent schools, great teenage pregnancy rates, substance misuse, and substantial rates of joblessness. Moreover, there are no social establishments in these localities. Apparently, it becomes hard to create mutual morals and standards, informal support systems, and effective social controls. Thus, the absence of the needed order leads to involvement in youth violence. The problem is that in such areas it is allowed to associate with gangs since violence is not forbidden. By residing in such districts, the youth adjust to living in such conditions by acquiring bad traits so that they can become the perpetrators of violence in prospect. Furthermore, ethnic prejudice may fuel youth violence.
The School and Peer Factors
The school has a profound influence on youth conduct, thereby leading to arguments, frustration and violent acts in early childhood. Schools introduce own performance requirements and complicated tasks one has to complete; thus, if a person fails to meet them, they face pressure from teachers and peers. The exacerbation and intensification of the conflicts combined with reduced watching and control in these environments increase the possibility that violence will finally emerge. Rivalry for the position and status-related clashes facilitate violence in schools, thereby creating the division into castes. The combination of educationally poor students and violent agitators in the same class in line with capacity tracking contribute to mutual adaptation to school disappointment and peer denial. Criminal peer groups tend to appear in the above-mentioned classes, and distinct moods of fury, denial, and isolation lead to violence. Thus, aberrant youth create gangs and inspire each other to implicate in violence to meet their means.
Alcohol, Illicit Drugs, and Firearms
Substance use and violence lead to numerous cases of killings and battery at home. Alcoholic parents and those that use illegal drugs tend to be charged with bodily harm and are frequently indifferent to their children. Though there are no proofs that alcohol is connected to forceful conduct, it is evident that a person who abuses alcohol is often involved in violent activities. In fact, youngsters who have an upbringing in such families tend to be more violent in prospect. What is more, the youth presently and regularly carry weapons. Hereby, drug merchants and those with a violent record tend to be more forceful and use the weapons to commit wrongdoings.
The life in deprived areas provides no prospects of obtaining adequate work during the switch from puberty to maturity. Moreover, the person has little chance of marriage due to repressed upbringing. As a consequence, the adults decide to become involved in violence since they lack the capability, although there might be some opportunities for a better life. The result is that many remain in prolonged adolescence and continue participating in violent juvenile conduct.
Individual Medical and Physical Factors
Prenatal and delivery traumas may be a reason for future forcefulness. Many young delinquents have a history of delivery injury. In fact, a low and relaxing heart rate is characteristic of a fearless personality or the one who would not display hostility and violence in case of provocation. Thus, such people are not likely to be accused of ferocious misconduct. On the contrary, attentiveness difficulties, agitation, and hyperactivity may be connected with difficulties and future youth violence. Research on injuries and problems related to pregnancy and delivery shows that a person might have a neural impairment that in turn could trigger violence.
There are situations that provoke one to behave in a violent way. Thus, such factors as the existence of a firearm or intake of alcohol or drugs by the criminal or the target may lead to violent conduct. Moreover, other issues include onlooker’s performance, delinquent’s intentions, the connection of the criminal to the victim, and the target’s conduct. Thus, the stated factors play a substantial role in the violent behavior of youth.
Developed rates of childhood violence are caused by low levels of communal interconnection within a city. Several factors like fast demographic variations in the youth populace as well as revenue disparity and growth have become linked to youth violence. In fact, social assimilation degree within a community affects the rates of youth violence. Young persons living in areas that lack social capital tend to become involved in violence in prospect. The decrease in social capital leads to augmented suspicion ensuing from an organization and facilities, increasing the possibility of violent conduct. Trust intensities in a community impact significantly on the prevalence of violence wrongdoings. Among the social factors that may cause youth violence are demographic and social variations.