Positive Behavior Support Systems Headache or Happiness?
As a part of the general applied behavioral analysis, positive behavior support is an approach used to improve the human behavior. This technique distinguishes from all the others as it prefers to use systematic approach as a tool to effectively cope with an inappropriate behavior. This system concentrates on the purposes of the challenging human behavior and tries to reduce all the factors that enforce its development. This form of behavior analysis is usually implemented in schools in order to help teachers and parents to decrease the inappropriate behavior of children, improve their education rates and communication skills. Therefore, there is a series of questions about the effectiveness of the Positive Behavior and Intervention Support Systems (PBIS), the way they achieve the targets and the purposes of the systems effectiveness. In this paper I will study, analyze PBIS and research the means through which they get the result being implemented in practice. During the study, I will study the purpose of the effectiveness of the system and the impact of the effectiveness on students self-esteem, efficacy and rates improvement. The importance of the positive behavior support cannot be over-evaluated as it has created such an environment that reduces the need for the punishment system and in addition it helps students with disabilities who constantly face a number of social problems that affect their studies and communication abilities. That is why I found it is very important to study this particular issue and to give the explanation of its effectiveness. This analysis can help to understand the techniques used within the system and to find the strong sides that have to be regarded in order to use this experience for the perspective innovations and future researches in the sphere.
The key purpose for the use of the positive behavior support is the real need in the effective form of the behavior analysis that can help to improve the behavior of children at schools and help them to reach a better level and communicate easily, both with each other and with their tutors. The problem of the unsatisfactory behavior is one of the main purposes of the low education rates and it is also the leading purpose of the most serious punishments, such as expulsion from school. This problem impacts not just the students, but the whole institution as more that a half of all the incidents that happen in school are connected with the problematic students, even though they might represent less than 20% of the whole number of students. That is the reason why there was elaborated a series of the specific approaches that aimed to reduce the rates of the school expulsions and serious incidents that happen at schools, but the prior harsh policies appeared to be ineffective as well as there was no productivity while implementing a zero tolerance policy. They have not been able to help the students with the problem behavior, to improve their attitude to the education process and their peers and to escape from the problems with the juvenile justice system. The effectiveness of the positive intervention and support system was extremely suitable and it helped to reduce the rates of the school accidents and the percentage of the expulsed school students that got imprisoned after getting out of the institution. If all the previous models appeared to be ineffective, then there is a question how the PBIS could be effective and how it changes life of the school students. That is why there is a need to understand the purposes of the effectiveness of the system and how it can benefit in the sphere where all the prior researches showed much more doubtful results. The role of the system in the contemporary education system is really high and in the long run it can become one of the decisive factors for the academic rates and the level of the education of the whole society.
While writing the paper, I have used a series of useful sources that provided all the necessary information on the topic. First of all, I want to mention the research paper made by Lewis and Sugai which is in their paper Effective Behavior Support: A Systems Approach to proactive School wide Management. Within the work there was represented a broad characteristic of the Positive Behavior Investigation and Support Systems and their difference from al the other initiatives that aimed to improve the behavior of the school students. Another important source is Building Positive Behavior Support Systems in Schools by Crone and Horner that is extremely useful because of the numerous proofs of the advantages of the positive behavior systems in comparison to the alternative initiatives. In addition, the work is full with the reliable evidences of the school staff that underlines the additional advantages for the school teachers that will agree to implement the program in their schools. I continued working with the research of Horner that has been hold together with Todd, Lewis-Palmer, Irvin, Sugai and Boland in the paper The School-Wide Evaluation Tool (SET): A Research Instrument for Assessing School-Wide Positive Behavior Support. In this paper I found very useful definitions of several necessary t