Category: History Essay

In the ancient world, Iraq represented a civilized nation, but the post-Cold War world perceived it as a country, which initiates conflicts. It is a well-known fact that the United States of America together with its allies has been involved in combat activities in Iraq since the Gulf War.  It was the longest period of America’s direct military intervention. American bombs and missile weapons have threatened Iraq every single year for more than two decades.

The people born in the peaceful Western countries or not far from the Near East at the end of the 20th century realized that Iraq was their personal experience of war in the contemporary world. Twenty-five years after the UN Security Council imposed sanctions and imposed a restrictive policy on Iraq, American forces still fight against the remnants of the former regime. The purpose of this essay is to examine the historical background of America’s military intervention in Iraq since the Gulf War until the present time coping with ISIS terrorists and to discuss its meaning and implication. The detailed study of this twenty-five-year struggle provides an understanding of American military strengths and limitations in the post-Cold War times. Moreover, it provides lessons that may be useful for the development and future use of U.S. forces in the 21st century.

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Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait

Before the Gulf War, the administration of the United States of America wanted to improve the relations with Iraq. However, these hopes have never been justified due to the dark actions of the former Iraqi leader, Saddam Hussein.

In April 1990, he demanded that Americans should leave the region, including the Persian Gulf. He also stated that Iraq possessed a binary chemical weapon that he would use to fight Israeli nuclear one. The following month, he accused Kuwait’s government of stealing oil from Iraq. He also demanded to forgive all Iraqi debts as his country fought on behalf of all Arab nations against Iran. The economic situation in Iraq was devastating. In 1990, the country’s military budget was approximately thirteen billion dollars that are seven hundred dollars per citizen. However, the country’s annual income was nearly two thousand dollars. The inflation rate in Iraq was forty percent at that time.

All Saddam’s attempts to rescue his country from the economic and political disaster were desperate. He accused Iran, the United Arab Emirates, and the USA in being unfaithful in terms of the oil productions on the international market. This economic crisis sparked the war, which culminated in the Persian Gulf War.

The Gulf War

Thus, on August 2, 1990, Iraqi troupes initiated the invasion and occupation of the small country of Kuwait. This invasion was substantial because it was the first U.S. external policy crisis after the Cold War. Moreover, it was the biggest overseas military commitment of the nation since the Vietnam War. Unlike its former interventions such as Panama, and the Vietnam War itself, the USA did not act unilaterally in this one.

President George Bush coordinated thirty-eight nations in a coalition that opposed Iraqi invasion. It included the former Soviet Union that worked alongside the USA in the armed encounter with Iraq. Most importantly, the American policy implemented military involvement only after diplomatic negotiations and economic sanctions, which the United Nations Security Council imposed. Unfortunately, they failed to affect Saddam Hussein.

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