Theorical Framework Paper

During an economic calamity, the economic slowdown is associated with decrease in wage rates as well as the private and public fund availability. Such situation affects student’s educational outcomes including school enrollment, attendance as well as performance. This paper Begins by providing a theoretical framework for grasping how economic crisis situation has an effect on education results which are affected by parental response to child labor market inclusive of the school quality. Next, this paper reviews the impact of the crises on the outcome of the child’s education.

Also, a crisis has an effect on children’s labor whether in the labor market or in household. According to economic studies, a teen is exposed to the following during an economic meltdown: The decrease in adult earnings makes it difficult for the parents to put up with the educational costs for example tuition, fees, supplies, uniforms, and private tuition. Consequently, educational outcomes are also hampered with as the child may be withdrawn from school. Another effect is that adult income reduction may force the parents to rely on child labor. On the other hand a child who was already a child laborer may be made to work for a longer time. This augment in child labor working hours goes on to harm the outcome in his or her educational as the increased labor drains the child physically as well as emotionally hence a resultant decrease in study hours (Authors University of Pittsburgh. University Center for International Studies, American Political Science Association).

Moreover, parents who rely on child labor may reduce the child wage by increasing the working hours which is likely to harm the child in terms of the school results. A decrease in hourly or daily wages of the parent may compel them to work for longer hours, hence reducing the time that a parent or guardian can allocate to helping their child with their homework, reading, or other education related activities. Sensing a weaker manual labor market prediction from a school quality decline, parents may possibly pull out their child from learning institutions or become less loyal of their children’s education. The hypothesis also projects, that the child can have two effects which are positive during a crisis: a deduction in child wages may cause the child labor to be less striking for. Parents who might make the child to substitute the labor with education thus improving the outcome of education. Parents may also become more encouraging of their children education if the crisis convinces them that the less-educated laborers suffer more as compared to the educated workers (Margaret L. Andersen).

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