Paul Coelho’s book the Alchemist is a classic book that focuses on a human beings ability to merge what providence, fate, love and nature have in store for him in order to realize the supreme reason as to why he was created. This book focuses on three dominant themes that are going to be discussed in this literary criticism. It is a story about Santiago, an Andalucían shepherd who goes to Egypt to follow his dream. In this essay, am going to explore the conflict between the following themes; free will and fate, love (natural and human, human and human) and omen versus dreams.
Santiago had dreamt of a hidden treasure beneath a pyramid in Egypt. In the hunt for the hidden treasure, he meets various obstacles that end up giving him life time lessons that later turn out to be valuable to his life. When he meets Melchizedek, an ancient King who had a contradicting dream to that of his, he gains the motivation to search even harder for the hidden treasure. At the end of the story, it turns out that the hidden treasure was the experiences that he went through that ended up giving him wisdom. Wisdom is the major teaching as it is philosophically created and developed in a very simplistic manner as indicated by Sean (2007).
The plot of this book took the shape of a fable. Naturally, most people tend to give up and deviate from the course of finding their personal legend. Equally, those who hang on to the pursuit of their personal legend become successful and end up finding the real reason as to why they were created. This is demonstrated when Santiago finds out that he is one with nature and that nature is him. The ultimate point of his discovery comes up when he turns into wind.
This criticism uses the formalist approach where it gives more emphasis on the subject matter and not the author’s point of view.