Annotated Bibliography

Pohlong, B. (2004). Culture and Religion: A Conceptual Study. Mittal Publications

In this particular book, the author elaborates on conceptual issue relating to the central role played by religion in culture. He starts by elaborating on what culture is and how it is attached to religion. People tend to be brought up in a particular cultural setting that gives then certain compactness and identity as individuals. Even if such individuals change places and go to live in communities that share different cultures from their own, these people tend to carry with them their own cultural backlog and make an effort of duplicating it in the new environment irrespective of whether the situations are hostile to its practice. In this day and age the idea of culture has become popular in that everyone claims to understand it and individuals attribute cultural association to almost anything. According to Pohlong (2004) culture implies perfection in all aspects. However, even though some individuals do not follow religious belief they are still caught up within the influences of the prevalent idea of religion within a particular community. People tend to understand religion more as a practical system of belief in something considered by human beings as beyond themselves and that which brings them together in an effort of organizing their lives into some sort of socio-religious society.

It has been observed that every religious individual aims at achieving some objective through religious practices and this can be attributed to the fact that people are born into a socially organized religion and tend to live by the religion of their birth. The author also notes that religious behavior patterns have influence on and are influenced by what happens in the rest of culture. Religion can be viewed as a cultural stabilizer not only in France and the United States but the rest of the world in that both culture and religion provide moral codes of conduct that are responsible for regulating behavior patterns of individuals. Religion may be viewed as a part of culture alongside others such as political and economic orders as well as family. It should however not be determined that religion and culture are similar. A person’s choice of a course of action is determined by the value alternatives where such choices help people to realize their natural values at comparatively higher level. The author suggests that it is not possible for culture and religion to have significant meanings apart from value. Religion becomes a way of life when religious precepts as well as practices become part of living itself and influences every aspect of people’s lives.

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