How to Write a Research Proposal: Essential Tips
30 May, 2018
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How to Write a Research Proposal: Essential Tips

This guide has been created to tell you how to write a research proposal and organize your work in the most effective way. If you follow all the recommendations given here, your research proposal is bound to be successful.

What is a Research Proposal

A research proposal is a paper that aims to demonstrate and validate the need to research a specific issue, as well as to show the practical methods that can be used for conducting it. A research proposal needs to have a broad review of literature and offer convincing evidence that the suggested topic needs to be researched. A research proposal provides a rationale, as well as thorough methodology, requirements to the researcher, and the description of probable outcomes.

How to Write a Research Proposal

You can get an assignment to write a research proposal in order to:

  • Expand you thinking skills in terms of doing a research
  • See how to make a complete literature review to make sure that no research has been conducted on the topic before, or the conducted research was not effective
  • Enhance your overall writing and research skills
  • Learn to recognize the reasonable steps that need to be taken to attain a research objective
  • Observe and evaluate various research methods
  • Cultivate your curiosity skills and start seeing yourself as a researcher

When you are writing a research proposal, you need to include all the most important elements and offer sufficient data that will let the reader understand whether the proposed study will be useful and valid. Develop your writing skills and make sure that the way you write is clear and coherent. Other than that, there is not much for you to know about how to write a research proposal.

Your research proposal outline should answer such questions as:

  1. What do you want to achieve?

    Make sure that the problem you are offering is defined clearly and concisely.

  2. Why do you propose this problem?

    Thoroughly review the information about the topic and offer persuasive evidence, proving why this problem needs to be researched.

  3. How will you be doing it?

    Ensure that it is possible to conduct the research, which you are proposing, at the given moment.

Frequent Mistakes to Avoid

  • Poor grammar and sloppy writing
  • No citations
  • Incoherent and unpersuasive evidence
  • Failure to follow the review boundaries
  • Too broad and unclear proposal
  • Absence of focus on the research issue
  • Insufficient details on important issues and excessive details on trivial issues

The Process of Writing the Proposal

Now let us see the detailed instruction on how to write a research proposal. It is always a good idea to start with a research proposal outline and put several questions. For example, what do you aim to study? Why is this issue significant to you? Is it important for the topics covered in class? Will it help to resolve any issues? How will it broaden the existing research? What exactly should I do to make this research proposal?

In order to make your research proposal effective, you should write it in a way to leave your reader interested in researching the proposed topic. It is also important to adhere to the following structure:

I. Introduction

Your introduction needs to provide the idea you are going to develop in your research proposal. You should examine this issue and reveal its significance for your area of study. The introduction must be written in such a way that your reader could understand the topic you are going to examine and become interested in learning more about it. Do not be afraid to sound excited about your topic in your introduction. It will make your reader even more interested in it.

Your introduction needs to answer such questions as:

  1. What is the fundamental research issue?
  2. What study topic is related to this issue?
  3. What methods need to be utilized to research it?
  4. Why is your proposed research important?

Background and Significance

While writing the background section, make sure that you keep the flow of information coherent. Explain your proposal's context and give details about its significance. While writing this section, stick to the opinion that your reader knows less information about your topic than you do. Remember that when you are writing a research proposal, you should not describe absolutely everything about your topic, like you do in an essay. Select the information that is the most significant for you. In addition, remember to stick to these key rules:

  • After you affirm your research issue, provide a more thorough explanation of your study purpose
  • Give your proposed issue's rationale and explain why it needs to be done
  • Portray the most important problems that have to be solved in the research
  • Describe the way the research should be conducted
  • Provide research boundaries
  • When it is required, give definitions of terms and concepts

III. Literature Review

To understand how to write a research proposal, you should know how to write a literature review for it. In this section, you need to give a more detailed analysis of the previous studies that are relevant to your research issue. Here, you need to show that there is no sufficient research about this topic. To make your point stronger, you can even argue with the conclusions made by previous studies and tell what can be missing in them.

Remember to structure your literature review, so that your reader can understand all the most important arguments of your study. You can even create a system and categorize your review in a particular way. Also, remember about the "five C's" rule:

  1. Cite your sources.
  2. Compare different theories, methods, arguments, and findings given in the reviewed literature.
  3. Contrast these theories, methods, arguments, and findings.
  4. Critique the sources you are using and see whether they are persuasive and valid and whether they need more information.
  5. Connect everything to your proposed research issue and demonstrate how additional research can solve certain problems.

IV. Research Design and Methods

It is an important section that needs to be written very well. Remember that you are not going to do the research here, but you will offer the methods that have to work well for the proposed research and provide the expected results. You reader needs to be convinced in it.

While writing, think about the methods used by other researchers, as well as about a different methodological approach that can be more effective. Be specific and remember about the following important rules:

  • Tell about the steps to take and describe how to interpret the results.
  • Remember to explain why these particular methods need to be used.
  • Talk about any possible barriers in conducting the research and demonstrate the way they can be overcome.

V. Implications

Even though you are not actually going to do the research, you should still speak about the possible implications. You should also tell how you are going to expand or revise the existing research on the issue you are proposing. In addition, it is important to tell how it will affect all areas of scholarly research.

While writing this section, you can put such questions as:

  • What will the research results mean for the theoretical and practical fields of study in my area?
  • What subsequent research can be done, basing on the expected results?
  • Can the expected results affect the way we treat economic or social issues?
  • How will this research benefit others?
  • What innovations can appear in case the issue is researched?

Keep in mind that in this section, you should not philosophize or speculate about anything. Analyze the existing evidence and be very clear.

VI. Conclusion

In this section, you have to tell once again why the proposed issue needs to be researched and why it is important.

VII. Citations

This section can be done either as a reference list or as a bibliography. Talk to your professor to see which one you should write for your research proposal. Either way, this section needs to be done flawlessly, just like all the other parts of the paper.

Now you know how to write a research proposal effectively. So go ahead and do it!

30 May, 2018
visibility 1

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