The Philosophies of India, China and Japan

Several commentaries were written in this time. Very often a commentary was written on the original commentary or on an earlier one. Various scholars wrote commentaries on Brahma-Sutra according to their own way of analysis. Eg. Shamkaracharya, Ramanujacharya .Incidentally, 3 schools of Vedanta were developed like Shamkaracharya’s Advaita Vedanta, Vedanta and Dvaita Vedanta.

  1. Renaissance and Modern Thought (1700 C.E-present): The most important early reformers who led to renaissance in India were Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar.In this period the need for cultural revival was felt.

Nationalist feelings were promoted in educational institutions along with teaching of Modern subjects.Throughout the Renaissance period emphasis was given to innovation and cultural openness.Swami Vivekanand was a reformer who spread the gyst of Hindu philosophies worldwide.

In the modern period the concept of philosophy is not much related to spiritual values and has emerged as a different subject.

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