The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement of 1975 came into existence after 4 negotiations were made to solve the conflict that was brewing between the Aboriginal people and James Bay. The agreement provided that for James Bay to establish his mega hydroelectric project on the land of the Cree, he had to compensate them an amount of money. The amount was agreed on and the Cree also surrendered some of their rights to the land. They still got to enjoy fishing and hunting rights in the land though.These agreement saw the existence of various beneficial political entities.
The Cree people got to enjoy self-governance after the formation of the Cree-Naskapi Act. Before this they used to be ruled by the Indian Act. The JBNQA made the establishment of this act possible and this helped the Cree people gain self-recognition from the previous Act.
The Cree-Naskapi Commission was established by the Cree-Naskapi Act since the commission would look into any presentations to the act. It was also mandated with the right to make biennial reports of the Cree-Naskapi Act. The land rights and interests of the Cree people were protected by the political entity called The Cree-Naskapi Land Registry. It accounted for two categories of land and the buildings in the land. These included category IA and IA-N.