For the first few years of the cold war (between 1945 and 1948), the conflict was more of political nature than military. However by 1950 with the Communist take over in Japan, the proclamation of the Truman Doctrine, the beginning of a Soviet nuclear weapon, tension over occupied Germany, the eruption of the Korean war and the formulation of the Warsaw Pact and the NATO contributed to change of dimensions. Successive US Presidents and Soviet Premiers attempted to manage the war to an end (Larres & Lane, 2001). The death of the Russian dictator in 1953 was seen as a breakthrough but it was not until in 1991 that the war ended through a Gorbachev-Reagan relation. Damage had already been done to both the super powers either directly through military attacks or through the proxy wars.