Eliezer Wiesel, a Jewish, was born on 30th 1928 and led a life representative of many Jewish children. Born in small village In Romania his life revolved around family community, religious study and God. Unfortunately the life, family, community and innocent religion that he held a lot of meaning to him were destroyed after the deportation of his village in the year 1944.He survived the Buna, Gleiwitz and the Buchenwald and after the liberation of the camp in 1945 he became involved in journalistic work with in France. It was during this time that Wiesel decided to break the long silence and write his experience in t he concentration camps.
Wiesel believed that remaining silence and indifferent is the greatest sin of all. He is the writer of the famous literally work, the Night and thirty five other books. His famous as highlighted in the book the night earned him influence and honor all over the world as it disclosed the suffering and grieve the Jews went through during the great holocaust that saw millions of Jews perishing in Europe. The ‘Night’ aims at refreshing memories of the events that took place during the holocaust. In ensures that both the old and the young understand the circumstance the Jews went through and appreciate the work of international community aimed at unifying the Jews with the rest of the world. There are a number of themes that emanate in the book.
1. Elie Wiesel has used a number of literary devices. To begin with, the title of the book is ‘Night” is metaphorically used to refer to the period of suffering. Just like darkness, the events that culminated during the great holocaust were purely satanic and inhuman. Like the title ‘the night’ Elie’s experiences during the holocaust were the darkest period in the human history. During his stay in various concentration camps Wiesel witnesses and endured the worst kind of man’s inhumanity nature. People lost there live through beating, torture, starvation, murder and many other atrocities. As a symbol night represents the darkness of the soul and the evil people. Weisel also used a lot of imagery and symbolism. “The barbed wire which fenced us did not cause us any fear”(p 68). This statement symbolizes captivity in which the Jews were in. However they have hope and believe that whatever that was happening could deter them from their will to live.