According to Weinberg (2006), terrorism is defined as the violent acts which are made with an intention to cause fear as they are perpetrated for political, ideological or religious goal, and deliberately targeting the safety of civilians. An act of terrorism can be classified into domestic terrorism or international terrorism. Domestic terrorism involves groups of terrorists or individual terrorists whose terrorist activities targeted the populations or elements of a government without any participation of foreign countries. On the other hand, international terrorism involves groups of terrorists or individual terrorists whose actions are foreign in nature (Wilmot & Ness, 2005).
Those terrorist activities that have a foreign nature emanate from nations outside the targeted country. Domestic terrorism is usually started by those individuals who are against their society as well as how their nation is governed. The perpetrators at the domestic level may commit their terrorist acts because they want socialism, anarchy, or communism in their country. They may also want to hurt their current government as well as overthrow it. International terrorism is usually aimed at sabotaging the economy of another country so as to affect the actions of its society that may be intended to harm their own country (Wilmot & Ness, 2005). The differences between international and domestic exist because of the terrorists’ aims.
The struggle against terrorist activities is characterized by having two dimensions; terrorists, and the security forces that combat terrorism. Legal aspects of terrorism include the collections of laws or rules that deal with the threat of domestic and international terrorism. An example of these laws includes the criminal laws, and International Humanitarian Law (Higgins & Flory, 1997). It is usual that terrorists go against law and rules, while the security forces that combat terrorism must closely follow the law or rules, which is considered a great responsibility.
It is impossible for the security forces to disregard the legal aspects, but it is also important to mention those legal regulations that impact negatively on the security forces. It is very important for the security forces to follow the law or rules so that they can be able to share insights and experiences with other international civilian officials and military officers about the effective ways of fighting against terrorism (Higgins & Flory, 1997).
According to Wilmot & Ness (2005), many organizations across the world have involved themselves in increased international cooperation so that to share information more easily for appropriate actions to be taken against terrorist activities. This has been made possible because of the new technology that connects people globally. Therefore, nowadays, it is easier to trace terrorists and avoid their activities beforehand.