Sartre

In the prime part of his philosophical career, Jean Paul Sartre principally lays his focus on the development of the philosophy on existence predominantly called existentialism amid 1905-1980. His cornerstone of divergence from Husserl’s phenomenology on the subject matter was pivoted on the fact that Sartre focused on understanding human existence as an individual but not as the world at large. In this regard, he sets out ontology to account for what is behind being a human being. In an attempt to prove his critics wrong, he clearly states that the core doctrine of the subject matter (Existentialism) is that existence precedes essence basically implying that a person’s subjectivity ought to be the starting point as a basis of one to understand human existence. This means that objectivity has been overlooked (Jacobs, 2010).In other words, a person’s characters, profession, identity as well as his social obligations collectively entailing his or her objectivity are products of his subjectivity thus dependent on it. This study discusses Sartre’s stand on existentialism when he argues that existence precedes essence and provide a conclusive stand on this argument.

To fully comprehend his hypothesis, the lingering question could be; what does the postulate that existence precedes essence indeed imply? What is it real about? As aforementioned, the premise is centered on human beings as individuals but not as collective group. To begin with, it is essential to have a preview on the events that led to this postulation. Arguably, in the course of the year 1946, Sartre made a radio address it attempt to defend his prior works. In this media presentation, he began by explaining an opposite view of his a stand on the central doctrine of existentialism. This opposite view is that essence precedes existence. In this connection, Sartre utilized a theological concept on creation (Jacobs, 2010). Since God created humanity, then he is the grand artisan behind the entire world and its humanity the same way an ordinary artist will conceive his art work and the intended purpose. This further implies that God himself conceived the art or science of humanity before he created man. Thus, one can point at a conclusion that human purpose which is an outcome of the creator’s idea is accorded to God who first conceived the idea. In essence, the idea turns out to be the human essence which is humanity. By first developing the idea, he created it (as an artist) into human being and finally brought the idea into existence. Thus, going by the theological view, then human existence is preceded by the Creator’s essence.

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