Judicial process is the rule that determine roles of the jury and judges in the courtrooms and the jurisdiction of separate courts over distinct areas of the law. In the United States constitution, article III; a defendant has a right to a fair trial before a competent judge and a jury.
The legal procedure commences with arrest by law enforcement officer. When the grand jury delivers an indictment, then the accused faces a judge and is formally charged with crime, to which the accused may enter a plea. The defendant reviews the evidence and builds a legal argument. Thereafter, the case is brought for trial and the jury made of about six members delivers the verdict. If the defendant is found guilty then, the judge delivers appropriate sentence a prison time, a fine or execution. Otherwise, the charges are dismissed.
A case can be appealed at a federal court of appeals or state appellate court. The litigant exhibits the faults disregarded by the trial courts and a panel of three judges neither decides the appeals, without additional evidence nor hear witnesses. The appellate defends the trial court’s decision. In some cases, decisions may be reviewed by the en banc. A litigant may file for a “writ of certiorari,” the Supreme Court to review the case. The court hears the case if it is involving new important legal principles more federal appellate courts interpret the law differently. The disputing parties file written briefs and the court hears the oral argument (Meinhold & Neubauer, 2009. p.64).
The new support office for victims and witnesses established enhances the legal process by encouraging witnesses to testify and provide emotional and practical information to them. Meinhold & Neubauer assert that long process of the law impedes justice delivery, other causes are the judge’s salary gap, political influence like the democrats blocking of nomination, criminal and witness intimidation.
The judicial process concurs with biblical principles, has to be right, uphold justice and adhere to the requirement of additional witness’s safeguards the judicial process (Meinhold & Neubauer, 2009). Justice derives its context from the nature of God in His just; His covenant with people provides the basis and proper judicial process. However, swearing an oath and incarceration in quest for justice is not biblical which contravenes commandments in the bible and seeks to protect the sanctity of life.