Iran is one of the oldest civilizations of the World and the country is still one of the very important political powers of recent times. Iran is rich with minerals and energy products like oil and natural gas, and it increases the geopolitical aspect of the country more than ever. Through out the ages, due to the general geographical location of the country, it had been attacked by numerous powers and many dynasties ruled over the course of time. Iran can be also named as one of the most important power-points of the Islam religion, and one of the highlights of the history of the country is the Islamic Golden Age. Apart from the history, as an old culture Iran is historically very important. Persians, Arabians and many other tribes had combined together to form the Iranian culture, and still the Iranian culture is rich and diverse unlike many other old civilizations (Sadri, 2001).
The Geographical Advantage of Iran
There is a certain geopolitical advantage that is attributed to the geographical position of Iran. Through out history, Iran has been invaded by a number of invaders, and in recent times. To continue to global supremacy of the United States, Iran occupies a special place in the “New American Century Project” (Sadat & Hughes, 2010). United States will aim to prevent any rival powers and ensure security of the energy resources. In the case Middle East is one of the most important factors and Iran takes a special place in he project. It has the position that can be very useful in controlling the Gulf region, along with the access to the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea, from Iran Anatolia can also be controlled. Iran is also rich with petroleum and minerals and so also has a very high importance to the global superpowers.
The history of Iran is spanned through several centuries as it was one of the oldest civilizations in the history. And the place was spanned from the Danube River to the west parts of the Indus, Egypt to the south, and the Caspian Sea and the Aral Sea to the north. Historically speaking, Iran has a civilization that can be traced back to the 4000 BC. Iran was unified as a nation and changed to an empire in the 625 BC.
From Iran evidences were found that belonged to the Lower Paleolithic Age, and also animal and human fossils of the Neolithic Age. In the Bronze Age, there was a civilization in southeastern Iran known as the Jiroft Civilization and the archeological excavations of the site are the one of the most enriched sites of the whole Middle East. It can be traced to the 4th BC. And Mesopotamia was the most important of these civilizations. In the Iron Age the area was dominated by the Neo-Assyrian Empire (Kurzman, 2001).
The different Empires: