History of New York

Robert Moses was the mid twentieth century “master builder” of the New York City. He is remembered for the many changes and developments he made in his endeavor to modernize New York City and make it the great city it is today. Before Robert Moses started his developments in the early 1920s, the state owned only about19 parks located outside the Forest reserve, a 1,000-acre tract of land in the River Genesee gorge. The parks presented very few public services and all were at the west of Hudson River, most of which had been donated. Self-governing boards were responsible for running the parks, without state support. Most of the parks were undeveloped preserves, taking an example of the open land near the Niagara Falls; another example is the Revolutionary War battlefield historic site near Saratoga (Eisenstadt).

Robert’s views on automobile shaped up in the 1920s, at the time cars were consideration of as entertainment machinery rather than utilitarian lifestyle. In the early periods of the 20th century Moses’ highways were mostly parkways, landscaped “ribbon parks, which were” projected to be for pleasure drive .He later turned the area into an auto-dependent region building may highways, bridges and tunnels which was a good foundation of revolutionizing the modern New York.

Shortly after the inauguration of President Franklin Roosevelt, the federal government had millions of tax dollars to use, whereas only a few states and cities projects were ready. Robert was one among the few who had ready projects. For that reason, Robert was given the responsibility of delivering New York’s Works Progress Administration, including the Civilian Conservation Corps, plus other funding. Moses also received many commissions from the federal government which he carried out exceptionally, a good example being the Jones Beach State Park development (Eisenstadt).

However, Roberts repute began to decline at around 1960s when public debate about urban planning started to focus on virtues of close neighborhoods and the smallness of scale. At this time, Robert also started taking on political wars which he lost. Also his effort to demolish a playground in Central Park in order to make way for parking space for the Tavern-on-the-Green restaurant added to his enemies mostly among the voters of the middle-class in the Upper West Side. His end came after the merging of Tunnel Authority and the Triborough Bridge into Metropolitan Authority. However every pro development individual would agree that Robert Moses was an angel in terms of New York revolution due to various developments he carried out including building swimming pools, development of beaches such as the Jones Beach Park, tunnels bridge and roads to name just but a few.

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