French and English Colonization in James Bay Cree

The English took over the control of the bay and the whole of Canada in 1759. In 1774, they came up with Quebec act, which restored the use of the French civil law for private issues while maintaining the English common law for civic governance. It replaced the pledge of commitment so that it no longer made reference to the Protestant faith, and assured boundless practice of the Catholic faith. The function of this Decree was to shelter the loyalty of the French Canadians with turmoil growing in the American colonies to the south. They were hostile to the natives, acquiring all the land they wanted so as to make ‘quick money’. Instead of bringing civilization to the Cree people, they were degrading their economy. They restricted fur trade tightly. As a result, the Pontiac’s conspiracy rose to rebel against the English hostility, but after the death of Pontiac, the powerful English men exploited the niche.

The French had settled at the bay in the 17th century. They used the method of engulfing and mobilizing the natives towards their way of living through fur trade and other social interactions like evangelism. Through various types of missionaries, e.g. the dominant Jesuit missions, they made their trading easier. They managed to form a hybrid ethnic group; Métis. This way, they were able to acquire land without much fight. They made rules that influence the private living of the natives.

Self-government is a problem within the Cree people. This has been partly contributed by the conflicting French and English laws and also their cultural laws. However, Cree language has very high chances of surviving over the subsequent centuries.

Distinctive French and English rules in Quebec

Over the last three decades, changing political relations with non-Cree have created new models of headship which position quality on bicultural edification and which in some instances have resulted to new definitions of grade and prestige.

The French located it as a base for the money-spinning fur trade and missionary endeavors, and began intensifying settlement and surge of goods at the bay. French tried to absorb the natives through marriage and introduction of new social ideas. The Cree, who had a comparable position towards colonization, accepted the absorption. The outcome was the Métis, an ethnic group of chiefly French-Cree hybrid, total French and Cree people who generally got along remarkably. This has made Quebec a multicultural province.

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