As we have observed, the term theism is the belief in the existence of a powerful supernatural power. It can be either monotheism, which is the belief in the existence of one God as in the case of Islam, Judaism and Christianity, or polytheism, which is the belief in the existence of several gods as in the case of Hinduism and Shinto (Olson, 2011). The most outstanding facts about theism is the existence of God as a powerful and personal supernatural being who is actively involved in world’s daily operations. This is revealed through the creation story and the miracles.
In contrast, early scientists began to trust less in the church teachings about the existence of a supreme God, and diverted their attentions to understand the true physical nature of the world. This rational attitude towards God is what is called deism (Olson,2011). Unlike Christian theists, deists believe that God formulated the laws of nature, but He does not meddle into the world’s affairs as He allows them to execute in accordance to these laws. Deists therefore, do not believe in revelations such as scripture, prophecy and miracles.
The difference between deism and theism is based on the varied philosophical thinking about religion, that between revealed and natural theology. Natural theology suggests that, the nature of God can be understood through by the use of evidence and reason. This is because it stresses on the empirical and rational studies. Contrary, revealed theology believes that, the nature of God can only be understood through revelation, scripture and faith, but not through evidence and reasons. This is the reason why the basic distinction between reason and faith still remains a debate within the philosophy of religion (Olson,2011).
According to my own opinion, I think that Christian Theism is more reliable and easy to understand as compared to deism. Belief just like spirituality is the inner instinct that tells a person, that there is a super natural being high in authority and should recognize and attend to. Theism in this context is further supported by the biblical stories such as God’s direct communication to Moses, God’s miracles and other scriptural teachings. Deism on the hand can prove to be very difficult in understanding since it requires people to formulate their own understanding of the nature of the world through their own reasoning and experiences. For example, it is easier to make a child believe in the existence of a supernatural being that is actively involved in the world’s affairs and influences their daily lives, as compared to teaching them that God made the laws of nature, and it is upon them to decide how they should abide to these laws.